Originally used to describe antisemitic mass violence in the Russian Empire in the nineteenth century, the term “pogrom” has come to refer to any anti-Jewish group violence. Pogroms occurred with different degrees of organization, and they often involved the collaboration of police, military, or government authorities.
Jewish Perspectives on the Holocaust
"A Pogrom Wave in Germany"
Everyday Life: Roles, Motives, and Choices During the Holocaust
Order on "Measures against the Jews"