A pogrom wave in Germany
24 hours of destruction and arson
By the light of burning synagogues, and to shouts of "Jude verrecke!,"1 Jewish businesses are destroyed
Horrible, barbaric scenes throughout the country
Streicher creates a committee for persecution of Jews
The German population displays dissatisfaction with the acts of vandalism
Berlin, November 10 — The death of vom Rath2 has been exploited by the Nazi press to intensify the agitation against Jews and to call for revenge. The [writing] style has been so red-hot and wild that it had an effect upon many Nazis and the results quickly became evident.
A night of pogroms
Pogroms took place against Jews across the entire Reich last night. Synagogues that had not yet been demolished were burned. Jewish businesses were destroyed in the most savage of fashions.
The German press, which had not yet written about these events in the morning, came out with reports in the afternoon regarding "public outrage." Here is how the latter was depicted by a French correspondent of "Ce soir":
"Yesterday night the people of Berlin peacefully went home and went to sleep. This morning they stand in mass numbers, astounded and silent, before the synagogues that have been burned and the shop windows that have been knocked out while they were sleeping.
"Today the columns of avengers first set out at daybreak. I walked through Kurfürstendamm,3 Unter den Linden,4 the trade districts of Westend. Everywhere the same picture: cafes, restaurants, luxury stores, grocer's shops—everything is destroyed.
"The clothing stores whose owners, I think, were American Jews, were not violated. On Kurfürstendamm, a Citroen division, whose director is German, was hacked open. All sections of the well-known 'Etom' firm were destroyed. All silk [illegible] goods disappeared.
On Kant Street (what irony!),5 the books from a Jewish antiquarian bookseller were burned on the sidewalk.
On a little side street I saw an old woman in tears before a grocery shop. She was gathering scattered milk cans from amongst the heaps of glass."
The description in "Ton"
Here is how the "Ton" correspondent describes the image of "Berlin this morning":
"One gets the impression of a systematic operation that was conducted simultaneously throughout the whole city. You don't see one single Jewish business that has remained untouched anywhere you walk—even those that are several stories high.
"The 'spectacle' extends through Leipziger Strasse; Friedrichstrasse—less so. In the direction of Alexanderplatz the ruins are even greater. Jewish landlords are more numerous here.
Smoke still rises from the roofs of the residences that were burned. Several firemen hang around on the street in no hurry."
The population condemns
Curious people gather everywhere. The correspondent from "Ton" relates further: "Everyone is taken aback and even embarrassed. The fact cannot be repeated enough that the majority of Berlin residents are against this specific form of politics, many often display openly that they condemn it. For the most part, they respect the merchandise that lies behind the broken windows. Yet at a large leather goods store on Unter den Linden I saw the passersby dig through the things, and everyone took something, one person took a briefcase, another a purse."
In the afternoon—more unrest
It is reported that in the afternoon, Jewish stores on Friedrichstrasse that had remained untouched were also destroyed. There are numerous Jewish stores on this street. Everything was destroyed in a barbaric fashion. The impoverished Münzstrasse is full with broken furniture, trampled wax figures, watches broken into pieces.
The Ford company6 on Unter den Linden was also hacked to pieces.
Masses of Jews were arrested. The "German News Bureau" announces that this is to "protect their safety" [...]
The Hitler Youth marches through the streets, shouting "Jude verrecke."
"Havas"7 remarks: "One has to remember that an official note recently informed the population that the initiative for an antisemitic campaign had to be left to the authorities."
Berlin, Nov. 10 — The new measures that Goebbels announced will consist of the confiscation of all Jewish possessions that amount to over three thousand marks.
Foreign Jews will be expelled from Germany.
In Berlin a government committee will be created "in defense (!) against Jews."
Representatives of the ministries will be included in the committee. It will be led by Julius Streicher.