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Film of an Amusement Park in Nazi Germany

Amusement Park
US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Courtesy of the Library of Congress
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tags: leisure & recreation

type: Documentary

Prior to the outbreak of World War II, Nazi Germany attracted tourists from around the world curious to see life in the "new" Germany firsthand. One of the most notable of these travelers was Julien Bryan, an American filmmaker whose work was popular in newsreels. He spent much of the late 1930s in Germany documenting everyday life under Nazi rule. Bryan took footage depicting political meetings and university lectures, crowds at markets, and children at school—as well as this 1937 film of a German amusement park. 

The opening shots of this film demonstrate the degree to which Nazi symbols had become visible in places of leisure and entertainment. The amusement park is captured on a busy day, with dramatic gates framed by several Nazi banners. Shots of the crowds show several men in uniform, including a lengthy scene of what is apparently a policeman, likely visiting with some guests or his own family.   

Bryan's film points to the simultaneously pervasive and at times subtle influence of Nazi rhetoric and ideology in German society in the 1930s. The Third Reich's intense interest in modernization is reflected in images of rides built in the shape of zeppelins or a race track named after the recently completed Autobahn highway.1 A shot of a balloon vendor shows a racist caricature of a black child. Images of the crowd show what appear to be mostly middle-class German families taking in the sights and sounds of the park. 

Bryan's film offers a rare perspective on Nazi Germany—independent of official Nazi propaganda—at the height of its economic and military development. Moreover, Bryan claimed that his approach aimed  to "take people as he found them, not as he wanted them to be."2 This effort to capture daily life makes the film an important resource for understanding citizens' encounters with Nazism. 

For details on German economic policy in the 1930s, see Richard Overy, War and Economy in the Third Reich (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2002), 35–90. 

Jane M. Loy, "The Present as Past: Assessing the Value of Julien Bryan's Films as Historical Evidence," Latin American Research Review 12, no. 3 (1977): III.

This film was taken by Julien Bryan, an American filmmaker whose work was popular in newsreels. Bryan spent much of the late 1930s in Germany documenting everyday life under Nazi rule, filming political meetings and university lectures, crowds at markets and children at schools.

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Archival Information for This Item

Source (Credit)
US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Courtesy of the Library of Congress
RG Number 60.1452
Date Created
1937
Duration 00:05:41
Sound No
Videographer / Creator
Julien Bryan
Location
Unknown
Moving Image Type Documentary
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