Feedback

Advanced Search Filters

In addition to or instead of a keyword search, use one or more of the following filters when you search.

1 of 16 items in

Postwar Justice


Bookmark this Item

Notice on the Execution of Jakub Lejkin

Jakub Lejkin execution document
Courtesy of the Ghetto Fighters' House Museum, Israel

As an arm of the Judenrat, the Jewish Police formed as a successor to the Polish Police, responsible for maintaining public order in the Jewish ghettos of occupied Europe.1 German policies soon required the Order Police to conduct roundups of Jews for deportation to labor camps and punish those Jews accused of resistance to the occupation. As the force's morale deteriorated, its members grew increasingly brutal and corrupt; police officials like Jakub Lejkin, who became Deputy Chief of the Order Service in the Warsaw Ghetto in May of 1942, earned a reputation for cruelty and  indifference. But work in the Jewish Police also yielded privileges, and many who joined hoped that they—and their families—would be able to secure a living and avoid deportation.

In the summer of 1942, German authorities began an operation to deport hundreds of thousands of Warsaw's Jews to killing centers in occupied Poland. Divisions of the Order Service delivered the ghetto's inhabitants to collection points from which most were sent to be gassed in Treblinka. Diaries and testimonies recount the ruthless tactics of the policemen: the Order Service used sticks and axes to ensure delivery of their required quota of "heads." Many officers ignored exemption papers, preferring instead to pocket bribes. Those who exceeded their quotas often "sold" their captives to less successful comrades.

An underground resistance group in the Warsaw Ghetto, the Jewish Fighting Organization (Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa [ŻOB]), soon began issuing death sentences for those implicated in deportations, including Jewish policemen. With leaflets like the one featured here, the ŻOB denounced the authority of both the Jewish Councils and the Jewish Police. They declared membership in these groups as collaboration with the Nazis, and both policemen and council members became favored targets. Executions like Lejkin's served as a bloody warning to other Jews inclined to carry out Nazi policy.

There remain very few documents describing the efforts to seek vengeance against those Jews accused of collaboration, though some Jewish survivors remembered the reactions that news of executions like Lejkin's elicited among the ghetto's Jews. One commented after the war: "After each such occurence, I went out and, while passing a Jewish policeman in the street, I peered at him ominously. I straightened up and peered, convinced that now it was he who had to be terribly afraid."2

For more information on the Jewish ghetto police, see Samuel Schalkowsky, ed., The Clandestine History of the Kovno Jewish Ghetto Police (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press in Association with the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2014). See also the item Report on the Activities of the Order Service Department of the Board of Representatives of the Jewish Population in Bendsburg.

Joanna Wiszniewicz, A Jednak Czasem Miewam Sny: Historia Pewnej Samotności (Warszawa: Agencja Wydawnicza "Tu," 1996), 74. Available in English as And Yet I Still Have Dreams: A Story of a Certain Loneliness, trans. Regina Grol (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2003).

 

Jewish Police.

German: "Factory security."

Close Window Expand Source Viewer

This browser does not support PDFs. Please download the PDF to view it: .

DECLARATION

It is hereby publicly declared that due to charges brought against the leadership, officers and functionaries of the Jewish Police in Warsaw, as reported in the Declaration of Aug 17[,] the sentence of Jakub Lejkin, Deputy Director of the J.P.1 was carried out on Oct 29 at 6:10 in the evening.

Further repressive measures will be applied with without mercy.

It is also hereby publicly declared that the following have been charged:

1) The Presidium and Jewish Council in Warsaw for cooperating with the occupier and signing the Displacement Order.

2) Factory managers and administration in factories that are exploiting and oppressing workers.

3) Group leaders and officers of the Werkschutz2 for viciously abusing workers and the "illegal" Jewish population.

Repressive measures will be applied without mercy.
Warsaw, Oct 30, 1942

 

Archival Information for This Item

Source (Credit)
Courtesy of the Ghetto Fighters' House Museum, Israel
Source Number Adolf Berman Collection, no. 109
Date Created
October 29, 1942
Page(s) 4
Language(s)
Polish
Location
Warsaw, Poland
Document Type Report
How to Cite Museum Materials